Pre- and Post-Surgery Health
Smoking compromises overall health and is associated with poorer outcomes of many types of surgery.1, 2, 3 Smoking may lessen the nausea and vomiting commonly experienced after surgery due to effects of anaesthesia, according to a preliminary study,4 but the disadvantages far outweigh this single possible benefit.
Acupressure can be used to prevent nausea and vomiting. Wristbands designed to apply pressure to acupuncture points on the forearm were shown to effectively prevent post-operative nausea and vomiting in seven controlled trials5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and were as effective as an antinausea medication in another.11 One controlled trial found no benefit from acupressure wristbands.12Acupuncture13 and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) of a wrist acupuncture point14 have also been shown to be effective for post-operative nausea and vomiting in controlled trials. A controlled comparison study found that electroacupuncture of the wrist points controlled post-operative nausea and vomiting as well as antinausea medication and better than TENS, but both electro-acupuncture and TENS helped more than no treatment.15 A comprehensive review of research on acupuncture, electroacupuncture, TENS, acupoint stimulation, and acupressure for post-operative nausea and vomiting found these techniques to be more effective than placebo and as effective as commonly prescribed medications in adults but not in children.16 However, laser stimulation of the acupuncture points on the wrists both before and after surgery was effective for children in one controlled trial.17
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The information presented by TraceGains is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires December 2021.