Butterbur, or Petasites hydridus, is found in colder, northern regions of Russia and Europe. A species native to the northern United States and much of Canada is Petasites frigidus. All parts of either plant are used, including root, rhizome, leaves, and flowers. Both species are easily confused with their close cousin, Eastern coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara), a plant that looks the same and has similar properties and hazards.
- Reliable and relatively consistent scientific data showing a substantial health benefit.
- Contradictory, insufficient, or preliminary studies suggesting a health benefit or minimal health benefit.
- For an herb, supported by traditional use but minimal or no scientific evidence. For a supplement, little scientific support.
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This supplement has been used in connection with the following health conditions:
|Clinically relevant conditions||Dosage||Indications|
|1 tablet standardised to contain 8 mg petasin extract two to TID for two weeks||
Studies have shown butterbur extract to be effective at reducing hay fever symptoms.
|Adults: 75 mg BID of an extract standardised to contain at least 15% petasins; children: reduce amount according to body weight||
Butterbur extract has been shown to significantly reduce the frequency of migraine attacks.
|Adults: 50 mg TID for adults; children: 50 to150 mg per day, depending on body size||
In one study, asthma patients taking inhaled steroids who also took butterbur extract saw significant improvement in airflow.
Historical or Traditional Use
Traditionally the entire plant was used as a demulcent to soothe a dry, spasmodic cough.1 It was primarily made into a tea, and used only for short periods of time. Using the herb as a tea may have helped reduce hepatic exposure to butterbur's toxic compounds, as they are not normally water soluble.
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The information presented by TraceGains is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. Self-treatment is not recommended for life-threatening conditions that require medical treatment under a doctor's care. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires December 2021.